Optimization Of Environmental And Economic Aspects In Solving Energy And Climate Issues
The article is devoted to a study of problematic aspects of modem environmental policy in terms of the ratio, proportionality or probable imbalance of interests that can be balanced by means of integrated introduction of an ecosystem approach into the national and global environmental strategy. It is stated that long-term (strategic) and current environmental plans and projects have to be implemented by the state in connection with and with regard to the situation in corresponding spheres at the level of world civilization. Priorities that should be crucial to the development of renewable energy in Ukraine are identified. Obstacles to the implementation of the idea of “green energy” at national level are analyzed, e.g. these are large private companies whose interests as investors are secured by the obligation of the state to buy all the capacity of “green” energy at tariffs recognized as the highest in the world. In this case, economic interests appear as defining and under the guise of environmental motives acquire the character of not fully justified or unfair interests. In order to demonopolize the energy sector, it is necessary to raise the issue of competition, implementation of European standards and market principles of work in the energy sector. Openness and competition, transparent and fair procedures in the development of a modern energy market will allow participants to optimize costs and prices and consumers — to shift to rational energy consumption. In this way, the interests of the state, society, energy producers and consumers will be secured to the greatest possible extent.
In light of the need to approximate our country’s socio-economic system to climate change, the necessity of raising the issue of intensifying and strengthening Ukraine’s role in global efforts to develop a rational policy to combat climate change is substantiated.
In general, the coordinated long-term policy of states aimed to minimize the effects of climate change and reconcile the interests of major actors in the energy market in Ukraine as well as the diverse interests of subjects of international law in the energy industry should ensure a positive environmental and economic effect.